name is Alina, and I am a first-year PhD student in Linguistics. The most
common two questions I get asked when I say this are: “What is Linguistics?”
and “How many languages do you speak?” So, I’ll begin by answering these.
Linguistics is the “scientific study of language”. It is a vast discipline, but
some examples of what linguists are interested in are: how grammars are
constructed, how language changes, what the similarities and differences are between
the languages of the world, how children and adults learn languages, how people’s
use of language varies according to social factors (gender, age, context etc.),
how the order of words in a sentence gives that sentence meaning, the list goes
for the second question, being a linguist does not automatically mean you speak tons of languages (though some do)!
I speak French, I am learning Spanish, and I understand Reunion Creole, which
is the language that my PhD research is on. Reunion Creole is spoken on the
island of La Réunion, a French overseas department (next to Mauritius, in the
Indian Ocean). Creole languages are relatively new languages (compared to
English or French, for example) which arise when groups of speakers with
different native tongues are found in a situation where they need to
communicate with one another. This happened in La Réunion when French
colonisers settled on the island and imported slaves from Madagascar and East
Africa. Later, immigrants from India and China came to the island to work. Over
the subsequent generations, the language formed through the interaction of
these groups of speakers. It is now the native language of the majority of the
island, spoken alongside French. Many of the words in Reunion Creole are
derived from French words, so it may sound familiar to a French speaker, but
the grammars of the two languages are different.
Cap Noir, La Réunion: here’s
a picture which shows you the beautiful mountainous landscape of La Reunion
how did I find myself doing a PhD on this topic?! I have always had a
fascination for foreign languages, and just words in general, which led me to study
French at undergraduate level. During my degree, I chose modules in French
Linguistics and really enjoyed them. I enjoy the discipline as it applies the
scientific rigour and logic of the Sciences and Maths, to an inherently social
phenomenon: language. In the third year of my degree, I got the opportunity to
go on a year abroad. I chose to study in La Réunion, and it was there that I
discovered Reunion Creole. On returning,
I decided I wanted to continue studying and explore the subject of Linguistics
in more depth with an MA and PhD.
PhD project investigates the syntax and focus structure of Reunion Creole. This
is essentially how the word order of a sentence can be manipulated to change its
emphasis and by consequence, its meaning. And what is the point in this
research? Firstly, a better understanding of the mechanics of individual
languages enables us to make comparisons with the languages of the world. This
in turn allows us to better understand the faculty of language, which is a
fundamental part of our existence. Secondly, knowledge of the technicalities of
a language also enables us to better teach it in the classroom. In La Réunion,
Reunion Creole is an officially recognised regional language and French is the
national language. Historically, French has been more highly regarded and
continues to be the language of the law, administration and schooling. Like many creole languages, Reunion Creole
has not always been highly regarded with respect to French, despite it being
the native language of the majority of the island. A person’s mother tongue is
a fundamental part of their identity, so I consider it very important that it
be valued. Furthermore, research has suggested that bilingualism has cognitive
benefits, which may reduce the likelihood of dementia, for example. It is
therefore imperative that bilingualism is encouraged, so any research promoting
historically undervalued languages serves this purpose.
La plage de
l’Ermitage, La Réunion.
you’re interested in languages generally, there are plenty of resources that may
feed your curiosity:
Grand Bénare, La
the top of a hike in La Réunion – above the clouds!
Hi everyone! I’m Ioana, a first year PhD student in the Division of Neuroscience and Experimental Psychology, at the University of Manchester. My PhD project focuses on the therapeutic side of ischemic stroke at preclinical level. I spend a lot of time working with animal models, as they offer information highly translatable to humans.
I was born and raised in Romania, but I moved to Manchester to do my undergraduate degree in Pharmacology with Industrial Experience. I loved the university and the city so much, that I decided to stay. The degree offered me the chance to learn various laboratory techniques and to experience working with animals in research. However, when I started it, I had NO IDEA what I wanted to do after.
Between my first and second year, I wanted to get more experience in science as I was trying to figure out what I wanted my future career to be. It wasn’t easy to find any internships available for first years, but I emailed my CV, emphasising my willingness to learn to 46 different places that were not advertising any opportunities at that moment. I only received 6 replies, but I was lucky enough to secure 4 internships. One of those was with a research group based within the University of Manchester, where I learned several laboratory techniques that I am still using today. The other 3 were with the nearby hospital. There I had a chance to learn how to obtain ethical approvals for a cardiovascular trial, to manage patient data for a health economic analysis and to shadow a research nurse as she was administering trial treatment to patients with leukaemia. I was learning so much while working for all these places at the same time, as they accommodated a flexible schedule for me. I also did some work in the charity sector with Citywise. All these experiences gave me a broad insight into various paths my career could take.
As part of my degree, I did a placement year at Mayo Clinic in the United States, doing a neuroscience research project working with both cells and animal models. That is when I realised that I really love working in a laboratory setting, especially in Neuroscience. I liked the flexibility of thinking and applying the knowledge in experimental planning and then undertaking the study. I loved it so much that I was sure I wanted to continue with a career in neuroscience research, so I went straight from my undergraduate degree to do a PhD project. I knew it won’t be easy at all, so finding a project I liked with a very supportive group that felt like a community was really important!
So, what is my project about?
In ischemic stroke, when the blood clot is formed, a drug is used to burst the clot, trying to restore the blood flow and to limit the damage. There is increasing evidence that inflammation also plays a role in enhancing the brain damage after stroke. So, there is an anti-inflammatory drug currently in clinical trials for different types of stroke. My project aims to find the most suitable way to combine the anti-inflammatory approach with the clot busting drug in a safe and efficient manner. To do this, I need to replicate the stroke observed in humans, as closely as possible, in animal models of disease. Using these, I can observe the interaction between the two therapeutic approaches at cerebral, vascular, cellular and molecular levels. For example, I am using imaging to monitor blood flow (image attached) and running MRI scans to see the extent of brain damage.
Monitoring blood flow in a mouse brain using Laser Speckle Imaging.
The PhD experience is not all just science. I love being active and involved within the community, hence why I participate in outreach activities, teaching, learning to code, organising events as part of a doctoral society and trying to learn French. Your PhD experience can be whatever you want it to be, tailored to your preferences and interests.
- Undertake your own research project by doing an EPQ (Extended Project Qualification), learn how and why?
- A list of undergraduate courses that would allow you to progress into a research career after:
- Learn more about stroke here:
- StrokeCasts - podcasts made by stroke survivors about their inspirational journey to recovery:
- Read about the research done by my supervisor and my colleagues here:
- Follow us on twitter:
How did we get here?! A question not necessarily
linked to cellular biology, but the answer is essential for all life. How do
proteins (molecular machines) travel inside the cell? How can we help when it
goes wrong? Can we hijack these pathways to produce revolutionary new drugs? My name is
Katie Downes. I’m a second year PhD student at the University of Manchester and
my research aim is to answer those questions.
Inside the world of the cell,
proteins are powerful machines performing all sorts of crazy processes where space
and time are key. Knowing how they get to where they need to be is fundamental
to life as we know it, as exemplified by what happens when it goes wrong.
Diseases such as Alzheimer’s, epilepsy and blindness are linked to issues with
intracellular transport. Yet the relatively simple question of how did that get
there is still puzzling scientists. Imagine rush hour on the metro then add 20,000
proteins and you’re still not quite imagining how much is going on.
Research in this field is highly
applicable to a number of real-life scenarios. Biopharmaceuticals, biological
drugs produced in cells, are increasingly being used to target difficult
diseases such as cancer. Currently these therapies are super expensive, as
production yields are low and development costs high. By gaining a greater
understanding of what determines how a protein is produced provides a torch
light in the dark for these emerging therapies.
Day to day my research involves fiddling
with some high-tech microscopes, watching fluorescent proteins move around
inside the cell and performing a series of complex analyses to generate of
library of movement. This library can then be used to interrogate various
methods of intracellular transport and ultimately create a comprehensive map of
How did I get here?
secondary school I was determined STEM wasn’t for me. However, one particularly
inspirational teacher unlocked what was to become a lifelong passion for the
sciences. I went on to study Biological Sciences at Durham University, with a
focus on Cell Biology and Biochemistry. My lectures would frequently blow my
mind at how awesomely clever biochemical systems and proteins are – defined by
logic and simplicity.
As you can see, I am a true nerd.
However, it wasn’t just my wonderment which drew me to Biology. Through
studying Biology, I realised I could help people and make a difference. During
my industrial placement year, I worked in the Research and Development
Department for a biopharmaceutical company, producing therapeutic antibodies
for clinical trials. From then on, I became fascinated with biopharmaceuticals
and the concept that we can harness all of that awesome biochemistry I had
learnt during my undergraduate and use it to tackle serious diseases. I was
shocked to find how much fundamental cell biology is still unknown. It became
clear to me that if true progress was to be made in global health, more
research was required and I wanted to be part of it. After graduating I jumped
at the chance at a PhD.
The world of intracellular
transport is a fascinating place. So much is yet to be discovered. But I can
provide a little teaser for those who are interested!
Throughout school you are taught
that cells are a nice sphere, with a nucleus at the centre and a few other
important bits, called organelles, floating around. In reality cells are
densely packed environments where everything is in motion. In-fact there is a
skeleton of sorts, a cytoskeleton which supports the overall structure of the
cell – imagine scaffolding running throughout the cell. Some of this
scaffolding also acts as a road, providing a track for molecular motors. These
motors waddle along the tracks carrying various cargo. When “long-distance”
transport is required, these motors are employed to pick up and drop off their
cargo. But, how do they know when they are needed? How do they know what to
pick up and where to put down? How do they know what are carrying?
more information on studying Biological Sciences at Durham University or the
University of Manchester:
To learn more about the research that is
happening in my faculty:
Interested in intracellular transport?
Want to learn more about biopharmaceuticals?
Hey everyone! I’m Charlotte
and I’m a 1st year PhD student currently studying at Alliance
Manchester Business School at the University of Manchester. My current research
is focused on student mental health and help-seeking behaviours.
“Wait a minute”, I hear you say, “that doesn’t sound like business”.
And at first glance it
doesn’t. I’ve had many questioning looks when I tell people I’m a marketing
student studying student mental health, but that’s one of the best things about
my PhD. I get to combine my passion for understanding and improving mental
health with my interests in marketing and consumer behaviour.
So, sit back and I’ll tell
Before starting my PhD I studied
for my undergraduate degree in Psychology and a master’s degree in Marketing.
At first you might think Psychology and Marketing don’t really go together, but
I’ve always been interested in why we think and behave in particular ways, and
that’s exactly what Marketers try to do.
After my master’s degree I
worked for 2 years at a digital marketing agency just outside of Manchester managing
the day-to-day marketing activities of my clients including; branding, design
for digital or print promotions, advertisements, copywriting and campaign
management. As much as I enjoyed working in marketing, after a couple of years
I could hear university calling my name once more. So, I applied for my PhD and
the rest, as they say, is history!
But what exactly do I do?
Mental health has been
studied extensively, with particular focus in areas such as health, psychology
and sociology. Approaching student mental health from a marketing perspective, my
research aims to better understand the motivations and decision making processes
that encourage individuals to seek help for their mental health problems - or
indeed why certain people avoid seeking help. By understanding these decisions
better, I hope that my research can have an impact in improving the provision
of university support services (and the promotion of these services) to
facilitate help-seeking behaviour.
As I’m only in my first year,
my work mainly involves developing my research skills and reading more about
the different perspectives and disciplines researching student mental health. As
a qualitative researcher, with an interest in behaviour, I’ve never been
convinced by statistics alone. I’m much more interested in how individual’s
create meaning as part of their experiences. Qualitative research allows me to
gain a richer interpretation of experiences and behaviours, and how people
interpret these behaviours. One of the best things about studying for my PhD is
that as I read and learn more about my topic, my research questions change and
At University, for both my
undergraduate and master’s degree, the biggest challenge for me was always
trying to work out what I wanted to do at the end of it. Now, studying for my
PhD I hope to continue researching and stay in academia to teach the marketers and
researchers of the future. It hasn’t been a straight road, but then your career
doesn’t have to be - find something you enjoy learning about and career ideas
start to fall into place (even if you don’t realise it at first)!
A bit further...
If you’re interested in
finding out more about careers in Psychology, visit: https://www.bps.org.uk
For more information on
careers in Marketing, visit: https://www.cim.co.uk
If you’d like to find out
more about the courses on offer at the University of Manchester, you can visit
the links here:
Business and Marketing: https://www.manchester.ac.uk/study/undergraduate/courses/2020/03528/bsc-management-marketing/
The book that started to
bridge the gap between Psychology and Marketing for me was Robert Cialdini’s ‘Influence:
The Psychology of Persuasion’ https://books.google.co.uk/books/about/Influence.html?id=5dfv0HJ1TEoC
The Drum is a website
dedicated to looking at the latest trends and news in the Marketing industry. You
can take a look around the website here: https://www.thedrum.com
if you want to know more about the current research taking place across the UK
focussing on Student Mental Health, King’s College London (KCL) created a
research network called SMaRteN dedicated to improving understanding of student
mental health in higher education. You can visit the website here: https://www.smarten.org.uk
My name is Zoë Cumberpatch and I’m half way through a PhD in
Basin Studies at the Department of Earth and Environment, University of
Manchester. From a young age I loved the outdoors and wanted to understand ‘why
is that hill there?’, ‘why does one river flow faster than another?’ and ‘why
do the rocks in Nottingham (where I’m from) look so different to the rocks in
My enjoyment and interest of Maths, Science and Geography at
school led me to study Geology, Geography, Biology and Maths at A-level, before
going on to study Geological Sciences at the University of Leeds. At Leeds, I
preferred sedimentary rocks rather than igneous and metamorphic rocks and that
fuelled my desire to study the applied side of sedimentology (with an MSc in
subsurface energy at Imperial College London).
During my MSc I was exposed to lots of different geological
techniques and methods, and I wanted to integrate a number of these techniques
to answer a research question. This led me to apply for multiple PhD projects
and eventually I settled on my current project at the University of Manchester.
My project looks at how deep marine landslides and ‘rivers’ can be controlled
and re-routed by growing ‘salt diapirs’ (which are essentially hills made of
salt). The properties of the rocks deposited by these flows can be very optimal
for both producing hydrocarbons and storing carbon dioxide. Geologists are the
experts of the earths subsurface and are vital for the ‘global energy
My PhD combines subsurface data (think of it as an ultrasound
of the earth), fieldwork (travelling the world to study analogous exposed
rocks), numerical modelling (creating geology using ‘ping pong balls’ and simulating
geological time) and physical modelling (literally building hills in a flume
tank and letting the water in).
My PhD has given me some incredible experiences; my
highlights so far include:
1) Leading a field trip to my field area (northern Spain) for
10 industrial sponsors of our research group (picture of me in a hi-vis)
2) Winning best student poster at an International Conference in Salt Lake City
3) Spending my entire August 2019 doing fieldwork in Azerbaijan, after
successfully winning a grant with a colleague
4) Working as a team to construct valid flume tank experiments in Utrecht
5) Being part of a NERC CDT (Centre of Doctoral training) which gives me a
cohort of like-minded researchers, and 20 weeks of broad geological training (picture below shows a group of us in the
Alps on a field course).
In depth (PhD Project Summary)
Layers of sedimentary rock form much of the Earth’s
continental crust. These rocks are laid down in different depositional
environments (e.g. terrestrial or marine). Layers of salt accumulate in regions where seawater incursions evaporate. Due to salt’s mechanical
properties it becomes buoyant when sufficiently buried and can flow over
geological time (much like glass), forming salt-cored ridges and domes on the
ocean floor. Gravity moves sediment from the continents to the deep ocean
basins, resulting in the deposition of rocks around the salt bodies. These salt bodies, which can be growing
during deposition can cause deep water gravity flows to terminate completely or
reroute their course. Geophysical ‘ultrasounds of the earth’ (seismic imaging)
make it possible to study the subsurface, however areas around salt remain
difficult to image in these data sets due to the chaotic representation of salt
on seismic. Cliff
sections in the Basque Country, Spain reveal ancient deep-marine rocks
originally deposited next to salt-cored topography; these are used to
understand sedimentary processes operating in deep-water and their effect on
the sedimentary record. Fieldwork
observations are combined with subsurface seismic data from the UK North Sea
and numerical and physical models to appreciate the distribution of these
sediments on a variety of scales and explore how this may influence potential
hydrocarbon or carbon storage distribution and quality around salt bodies.
information about all things geological, including resources for schools and
colleges see the Geological Society: https://www.geolsoc.org.uk/
To learn more about the research
happening in my department: https://www.ees.manchester.ac.uk/research/themes/
To learn more about the research
happening in my research group: http://stratleeds.org.uk/
interested in sedimentology, look no further than: https://www.sepm.org/